Food & Livelihood
Right at the moment, Bangladesh is a case of success as far as producing food is a concern, particularly rice, the staple. 18 million farming households and their back-breaking jobs that Bangladesh today able to grow over 35 million tonnes of food grains annually, over three times higher what it used to produce back in 1971 (11 million tonnes).
With the support of donor agencies, RIC supports her beneficiaries for increasing food in several ways along with livelihood, RIC has been implementing some integrating social programs along with the financial support to the various categories underprivileged beneficiaries. As a fact, the beneficiaries can be utilized in their capacities without credit support, that will be the new dimensions for the development. Programmes are described briefly:
• Enhancing Food Security and Nutrition Programme (EFSN)
• Support for Ultra poor- UJJIBITO
• School Feeding Programme (SFP)
• Vulnerable Group Development (VGD)
1. Enhancing Food Security and Nutrition Programme (EFSN): Enhancing Food Security and Nutrition in Cox’s Bazar District aims to improve the food security of selected vulnerable households in Cox’s Bazar District with the support of World food programme (WFP). The aim of the project is to enable vulnerable households (HH) on a line of self-reliant growth to establish a sustainable income source, thereby enhancing food security and nutrition. The program provides Entrepreneurship development and business plan to enable beneficiaries to develop a business plan for a specific income generating activity. Beneficiaries are provided with specific technical training and an asset grant of 15,000 taka to implement their business plan. A monthly subsistence allowance of 800 taka will be provided over the duration of 24 months. A total target of 5,000 Extreme-poor HH will be supported through this programme in Moheshkhali upazila of Cox’s Bazar during the period 2015-2017.
The capacity of the beneficiaries will be increased to come out from poverty and to improving household food security through promoting mainstreaming in development activities as well as self Help Knowledge management group initiatives.
The HH will also be encouraged to diversify their income sources and livelihood options by taking up one or more Income Generating Activities (IGA) in addition to existing one along with accumulating monthly savings.
2. Support for Ultra poor- UJJIBITO: UJJIBITO which means infused with new life, is a new project targeting the vulnerable and women-headed households to be jointly implemented by Palli Karma-Sahayak Foundation (PKSF) and Local Government Engineering Department (LGED), with the financial support from European Union. The specific objectives of the project are: i) Sustainable graduation from ultra-poverty of nearly 325,000 vulnerable and women–headed households; and ii) Creation of workable material access of poor rural communities nationwide to markets and service providers.
This unique project has two major components) Rural Employment and Road Maintenance-2 (RERMP-2) and b) Ultra Poor Programme (UP)-Ujjibito. It may be noted that Part (a) is implementing by the Local Government Engineering Department (LGED) while Part (b) is implementing by PKSF through its partners.
RIC has been implementing the project since 2013 in Pirojpur, Naogaon, Noakhali and Cox’s Bazar district with the support of PKSF, LGED, and European Union. Under the project, we are working with 12500 beneficiaries. The object of this project is to uplift the ultra poor and women headed families. The activities are: Group discussion about health and nutrition for awareness, Health service for child, women and pregnant women by household visit, organizing static clinic, counselling for dropout children go back to school, Skill training on several IGA, seed distribution and technical support for homestead gardening and commercial production, Technical support for chicken – duck rearing and livestock, Vaccination and worm protection tablets for livestock, Model Farm preparation by donation for underprivileged member. Expected results are i) Create the scope for ultra-poor women and their household to a decent standard of living. ii) Sustainable development on health and nutrition of ultra-poor women and their family. iii) Social empowerment and participation in several social activities for them.
3. School Feeding programme: RIC has been implementing the project in Moheshkhali Upazila of Cox’s Bazar district since 2014 with the support of WFP and RIC is operating the same project with the support of the Department of primary education in Motbaria upazila of Pirojpur district since December 2017. The overall objective of the School Feeding Programme is to complement the Bangladesh Government’s initiatives to achieve the universal primary education by improving access to the basic education in poverty-prone areas and in areas of low school attendance. The specific objectives are:
• Increase primary school enrolment, attendance and reduce dropout rates;
• Enhance learning capability and more attentiveness towards studies of primary education institutions in selected areas by supplying nutritious food
• Increase the nutritional status of primary school students
• Sensitize and build-up capacities of local communities to operate School Feeding /Food for Education Program (FFE).
• Achieve universal primary education including reduction of gender disparity.
Under the School Feeding Programme, every school child is providing with a snack of 75 gm, of high- energy protein biscuit (HEB) fortified with vitamins and micronutrients at the starting of the school covering 240 school days. RIC is supporting 52500 students from different schools under the programme.
4. Vulnerable Group Development (VGD): RIC has been implementing the programme in Noagoan district with the financial and technical support from the Department of Women’s Affairs (DWA), Ministry of Women and Children Affair’s, Bangladesh. RIC’s efforts have reached …. ultra-poor participants, who have been receiving monthly food rations for the household and a development support service.
The project aims to improve the quality of life of the ultra-poor by facilitating self-sustainability. Participants are offered support in creating opportunities for alternative income generating activities and marketing support. Capacity building in the form of agriculture and home gardening training has also been conducted. Participants are also being mobilized and supported in working together to establish fruitful relationships with Upazila and other government sector stakeholders in the quality of their lives, including agriculture, health and family planning, and education departments, amongst others. Ultra-poor communities are being encouraged to achieve 100% sanitation coverage, through the organization of savings group to create the required capital. Participants are being trained on women’s rights and family laws, with men’s groups formed with the aim of reducing violence against women.